What does Amazon means?
The name Amazon comes from a greek mythology about female warriors called amazonas. The legend tells that the amazonas belonged to a tribe that did not accept mans and where the male children were killed just after birth. Amazonia means without breast in greek; the legend also says that they cut one of their breasts off so they could handle the bow and arrow. The legend was transported to South America by the spanish conquerors, pioneer explorers of the Amazon river that seeing some indigenous female warriors believed that they had finally found the the amazonas.
The Amazon Rainforest is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon Basin of South America. The area, also known as Amazonia or the Amazon Basin encompasses seven million square kilometers (1.2 billion acres), though the forest itself occupies about 5.5 million square kilometers, located within nine nations: Brazil (with 60 percent of the rainforest), Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations bear the name Amazonas after it. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world.
Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia. As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest.
The region is home to about 2.5 million insect species, tens of thousands of plants, and about 2000 birds and mammals. To date, at least 40,000 plant species, 3,000 fish, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 427 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the region. Scientists have described between 96,660 and 128,843 invertebrate species in Brazil alone.
The diversity of plant species is the highest on earth with some experts estimating that one square kilometre may contain over 75,000 types of trees and 150,000 species of higher plants. One square kilometre of Amazon rainforest can contain about 90,000 living plants. This constitutes the largest collection of living plants and animal species in the world. One in five of all the birds in the world live in the rainforests of the Amazon. To date, an estimated 438,000 species of plants of economic and social interest have been registered in the region with many more remaining to be discovered or catalogued.
- A single pond in Brazil can sustain a greater variety of fish than what is found in all of europeans rivers.
- A single rainforest reserve in Peru is home to more species of birds than the ones that are found in the entire United States.
- One single tree in jungle can harbor forty-three different species of ants – a total that approximates the entire number of ant species in the British Isles.
- The number of species of fishes found in the Amazon exceeds the number found in the entire Atlantic Ocean.
- One hectar of Amazon land has a greater diversity of trees than the entire Europe.
The Amazon is a universe on its own. Feel free to contact us if you need any additional information about the forest or even some travel tips coming to the jungle.